Methods of combating Heat Injuries
- Rest in the shade during the hottest part of the day.
- Keep your mouth shut and don’t talk.
- Don’t sweat, strip off excess clothing to keep cool but keep your skin covered.
- Keep your head covered.
- Use high factor sun screen to avoid sun burn.
- Wear Polarized wrap round sun glasses.
- Don’t suck sweets, stones, smoke, or consume alcohol.
Drink fresh water.
An absolute minimum of 2 liters in a cool climate
More if it is cold ( hot decaffeinated drinks)
If it is hot, tropical hot, 4 to 6 liters as a minimum.
If you are going to eat, double the amount of water you drink. This amount does not include what you use to cook with, this is additional fluids.
Never DRINK sea water, urine, DE-ionized water (used for car batteries and steam irons), fish juices, or blood.
Don’t use sugared or alcoholic drinks as an alternative to pure water.
Emergency Re-hydration Fluids
Cholera and Dysentery are two of the common disaster diseases and can cause you to lose a liter of fluid AN HOUR.
A dose of Norwark does a pretty good job of stripping you of fluids too.
D.I.Y. Basic Oral Re-hydration Liquid.
1/2 teaspoon of salt ,
6 teaspoons of sugar,
and a liter of water.
A good temporary fix but you need proper electrolyte replacement therapy as well. You can buy these in tablet or powder form.
A D.I.Y. sugar free alternative with a mineral boost would be
2 liters of water
1 level teaspoon of salt
1 level teaspoon of baking soda
½ teaspoon of salt substitute (potassium salt)
This tastes pretty horrible so I always add an orange flavored vitamin C tablet.