Talking to a friend he was complaining how bad his dog gets covered with ticks. (All over his eyebrows). OK he lives in a tick infested area in Europe but what alarmed me was he could get bitten himself. It could be because like 40% of all dog owners (and me), the dog sleeps on his bed.
They live in wooded areas (especially by water), moist pastures, and the edges of fields. Active from April through October till the first REAL freeze.
The tick shown is endemic in Europe
Climbing blades of grass and ferns, they wait for their meal to brush past. At that point they latch on and look for a place to feed. Typical sites are behind the ears, along the hairline, eyebrows, along the thighs, around the armpits, under the breasts, and the testicles.
Ticks are carriers of a number of diseases, commonly Lyme disease.
aka Borrelia burgdorferi aka Tick Fever.
A bacterial infection cleared by antibiotic treatment.
Another disease carried by ticks is the rare tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). This is a viral infection and as such EXTREMELY hard to treat.
Occasionally additional infections can be rare, complex, and “elegant”
The good news.
Infection takes time and Infection rates are low.
As per the EDIT AT THE BOTTOM, get the tick OFF ASAP!
DON’T JUST PULL THEM OFF YOURSELF.
That will leave the head parts embedded in your skin.
A recommended form of removal is to grip the tick with a pair of tweezers as close to the skin as possible and pull with a slow steady motion. Do not grip the tick around the abdomen as you risk squeezing any organisms within the parasite into your bloodstream. Nor is it advised to twist the tick the idea is to twist the jaws OUT.
To avoid ticks
Wear closed boots with long trousers tucked into your socks or gaiters.
Also be sure to spray your clothes, possessions and person with insect repellent . DEET is recommended, I also use Permethrin heavily rubbed into my lower clothing.
Once home, change out of your clothing and check yourself.
Ref: Why being shy may kill you
Remember it usually takes a few hours for a tick to lock on.
Signs of a Tick Bite
A circular rash may appear around the bite area 3 to 30 days after the bite.
Stroke like effects of the face
Acute headaches and sharp shooting pains,
Heart palpitations and dizziness
There is no definitive order though BUT ANY feeling of malaise should be reported. YOU NEED THOSE ANTIBIOTICS!
Notes (including data from CDC)
Early diagnosis and treatment involve a 2–4 week course of antibiotics.
Common oral treatment include doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime axetil. Patients with certain neurological or cardiac forms of illness may require intravenous treatment with drugs such as ceftriaxone or penicillin. 10-20% are not instantly “cured”. Research into a cure continues. (SEE EDIT BELOW)
EDIT 24/7/13@18h GMT-
Following advice from thepersonnexttoyou.wordpress.com it appears that the advise from CDC may be wrong. As this particular blogger has personal experience from Lyme, it is recommended that you use http://www.ilads.org for further in depth information.