Hunters, snipers, even amateurs know that occasionally, by intent for the professionals, it is possible to drop a person or animal with one shot where it is standing.
Only I’m not talking about animals (except bunnies do get a mention later).
If you hit a vital organ i.e. the heart, lungs, the spinal column stem, the medulla oblongata, or the central brain mass itself with enough force, that target will drop.
(Why the red?)
These may be enough to terminate the threat except that’s a pretty small target to hit at range.
Except there are a few little tilts that can get in the way of that statement.
This is one of them.
Take out the heart or a major blood vessel and a common quote is “the brain will have 10-15 seconds worth of oxygen in it to allow you to function”.
That’s about one full magazine in your general direction.
Ever had that happen to you? You hit top central mass and the bastard keeps on firing at you? I’m pretty certain a few of you will know this as true.
Scary term for beginners. “The triangle of death”.
This is a visual triangle drawn from tit to tit and up into the chin. In an adult that pencils in at around 10 inches a side. About 43 square inches. Not that small an area is it.
3 MOA (average shooter) should do that nicely out to 300 yards yet some military ‘schooling’ 😉 works to 1 MOA aka 1″ drift over 100 yards.
Only do you need that accuracy at urban ranges?
I contest not, especially in the world of semi automatic weapons.
Anyway a hard enough hit within that triangle will generally cause enough ‘hurt’ that a person may just drop. Looking closely at the anatomy you may see why that’s been said.
Only here is the problem.
It’s not often that people stand like my two in the picture just waiting to meet their maker. They often do really sneaky things like run, hide behind cover, turn sideways, lie down, the whole gambit of positions which rather limit their expose to your ‘skills’. Not to mention wear body armour.
Close but not exact is often enough.
I’m a firm believer that you don’t necessarily need to cut or shred loads of organs or blood vessels to disable a target. Just smacking them hard enough to stop them working for a short time while may be enough. Yep, I believe in power of hydrostatic shock to achieve a knock down in addition to a massive blood loss to achieve a kill.
Why both? Just because you’ve been shot doesn’t mean you are incapacitated and if you aren’t down and out cold, you are still a potential danger.
Energy transferred as a shock wave through the central mass and into the spine with enough force to temporarily shut down the brain. (aka they drop on the spot).
It’s rather like a good fist pummeling into the chest can floor a person.
Only you are talking a powerful round, or multiple quick succession hits in the central mass area.
Then, and this is important, BEFORE they regain consciousness, it’s blood loss that does the killing. Only sometimes it doesn’t quite work that way.
This effect was first described to me by a poacher as the bunny effect.
You hit them hard, they fall, then just as you are going to pick them up, they jump up and run away. Stunned by the impact, they recover before the blood loss is sufficient to send them to bunny heaven (i.e. the stew pot).
So by hitting a target hard, multiple times in quick succession, the shock alone will disable them? You wish.
What it may do is put them down long enough for you to release a well-aimed CNS shot. Hydrostatic shock, although disabling, needs that massive blood loss.
Probably another reason why sensible bear hunters hold back and send in a safety CNS shot. Something you may like to consider.
Understand that bullets only kill in five ways when impacting a body.
- By destroying the central nervous system (that includes the brain)
Yet stunning the CNS (aka. knocking you out) for long enough may kill if,
- There is massive unstoppable blood loss.
- By destroying vital organs, by shredding, or concussive force.
- Preventing breathing by destroying the lungs or airways
- By causing irreversible infection. The slowest way of dying.